fall smile2 500

FRANKFORT, Ky. (10/3/13) – It’s that time of year again when the crops and fruits are gathered and the leaves begin to change colors only to fall gracefully to the ground. The summer temperatures gradually drop and the air becomes crisp and cool. Autumn, is the third season of the year between summer and winter, lasting from the autumnal equinox to the winter solstice.

 

When the Earth travels a quarter of the way around the sun, the axis is pointed along the planet’s path, parallel to the star. At the equator, the sun is directly overhead at noon. This is known as equinoxes, meaning the length of daylight and nighttime are exactly the same. In the Northern Hemisphere, the autumnal equinox starts around September 22 goes through December 22. However, it varies from year to year. In the Southern Hemisphere, it runs from March 20 – June 21.
 
Even though autumn brings a nip to the air, how much of a temperature change depends on the location of the area on Earth. Regions closer to the equator normally experience constant temperatures throughout the year, whereas farther north or south of the equator experience greater variations.

fall smile3 400

Autumn is also known as “fall,” more so in the United States, due to leaves changing colors and falling from the trees. However, before the season was known as autumn or fall it was called “harvest.”

By the 18th century harvest had lost its seasonal meaning and autumn and fall emerged as two accepted names for the third season.
 
When the 19th century rolled in, the term “fall” had become “Americanized” and frowned upon British Lexicographers.
 
In response to the chillier weather and fewer daylight hours, the leaves stop producing green chlorophyll, which allows the leaves to capture sunlight and make energy. Meanwhile, orange and yellow pigments called carotenoids shine through the leaves and washes out the green. The red color in some leaves comes from anthocyanin and are only produced in the fall.
 
Generally regarded as the end of a growing season, autumn ushers in time of celebrations such as Halloween and Thanksgiving.
 
This season is also regarded as a melancholy time and over the generations has inspired writers and poets.
 
"I saw old Autumn in the misty morn stand shadowless like silence, listening to silence." — Thomas Hood

fall smile4 400

Amber Averitt
SurfKY News
Photos Provided by Amber Averitt

LIKE SurfKY on Facebook - Click here to LIKE us now.

© Copyright 2015 SurfKY News Group, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, or rewritten without permission. SurfKY News encourages you to share this story on social media.

In Other News...

Above and Beyond: Wade Simons

HOPKINS COUNTY, Ky. (04/25/15) – SurfKY News spoke with Lt. Wade Simons of the Madisonville Fire Department about his… Read More

Madisonville Police Arrest Reports Released - April 24, 2015

MADISONVILLE, Ky. (4/24/15) — The Madisonville Police Department released the following reports Friday, April 24. Diaz… Read More

Most Read This Week

April 17, 2015 11683

An Open Letter from an Addict

by Olivia Kirks
April 23, 2015 7307

Man Charged with Sodomy, Incest/Victim under 12

by SurfKY News
April 18, 2015 5738

Man Charged with Attempting to Coerce Minor for…

by Madisonville Police Department
April 20, 2015 4838

Nortonville Woman Charged with Meth Possession at…

by Madisonville Police Department
April 22, 2015 3976

Crime Stoppers Fugitive of the Week – April 22,…

by Hopkinsville – Christian County Crime Stoppers

Most Read This Month

April 17, 2015 11683

An Open Letter from an Addict

by Olivia Kirks
April 02, 2015 8783

UPDATE: Madisonville Man Injured in Head-on…

by Doreen Dennis, SurfKY News

Stories Trending Now

April 24, 2015 3834

UPDATE: Police Can't Substantiate Injured Man…

by Doreen Dennis, SurfKY News
April 24, 2015 791

Hopkins District Court Fines Handed Down

by Karen McKnight
April 24, 2015 782

Madisonville Police Arrest Reports Released -…

by SurfKY News
April 23, 2015 774

Regional Eighth Grade Math Contest Held

by Joyce Riggs
April 24, 2015 725

Probation and Parole Violators - April 24, 2015

by Gary Gates, SurfKY News
April 24, 2015 667

Career Fair Provides Students Information about…

by Tammy Holloway, SurfKY News
April 24, 2015 649

Baptist Health Holds ‘Walk in the Park’ as Part…

by Tammy Holloway, SurfKY News
April 24, 2015 643

Muhlenberg District Court Fines Handed Down

by Charles W. Riley II, SurfKY News
April 25, 2015 640

Above and Beyond: Wade Simons

by Gary Gates, SurfKY News
April 24, 2015 629

Hopkins County Sheriff's Reports Released

by SurfKY News