fda2WASHINGTON, D.C. (5/15/13) - The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Xofigo (radium Ra 223 dichloride) to treat men with symptomatic late-stage (metastatic) castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread to bones but not to other organs. It is intended for men whose cancer has spread after receiving medical or surgical therapy to lower testosterone.

Prostate cancer forms in a gland in the male reproductive system found below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The male sex hormone testosterone stimulates the prostate tumors to grow. According to the National Cancer Institute, an estimated 238,590 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer and 29,720 will die from the disease in 2013.

Xofigo is being approved more than three months ahead of the product’s prescription drug user fee goal date of Aug. 14, 2013, the date the agency was scheduled to complete review of the drug application. The FDA reviewed Xofigo under the agency’s priority review program, which provides for an expedited review of drugs that appear to provide safe and effective therapy when no satisfactory alternative therapy exists, or offer significant improvement compared to marketed products.

“Xofigo binds with minerals in the bone to deliver radiation directly to bone tumors, limiting the damage to the surrounding normal tissues,” said Richard Pazdur, M.D., director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “Xofigo is the second prostate cancer drug approved by the FDA in the past year that demonstrates an ability to extend the survival of men with metastatic prostate cancer.”

In August 2012, the FDA approved Xtandi to treat men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer that has spread or recurred, even with medical or surgical therapy to minimize testosterone. Xtandi is approved for patients who have previously been treated the chemotherapy drug docetaxel.

Xofigo’s safety and effectiveness were evaluated in a single clinical trial of 809 men with symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer that spread to bones but not to other organs. Patients were randomly assigned to receive Xofigo or a placebo plus best standard of care.

The study was designed to measure overall survival. Results from a pre-planned interim analysis showed men receiving Xofigo lived a median of 14 months compared to a median of 11.2 months for men receiving placebo. An exploratory updated analysis conducted later in the trial confirmed Xofigo’s ability to extend overall survival.

The most common side effects reported during clinical trials in men receiving Xofigo were nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and swelling of the leg, ankle or foot. The most common abnormalities detected during blood testing included low levels of red blood cells (anemia), lymphocytes (lymphocytopenia), white blood cells (leukopenia), platelets (thrombocytopenia) and infection-fighting white blood cells (neutropenia).

Xofigo is marketed by Wayne, N.J.-based Bayer Pharmaceuticals. Xtandi is co-marketed by Astellas Pharma U.S., Inc. of Northbrook, Ill., and Medivation, Inc. of San Francisco, Calif.
 
SurfKY News
Information provided by the United States Food and Drug Administration

LIKE SurfKY on Facebook - Click here to LIKE us now.

© Copyright 2015 SurfKY News Group, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, or rewritten without permission. SurfKY News encourages you to share this story on social media.

Posted on 2/2/14

In Other News...

DCHS Student Council Hosts May Day 5K

DAVIESS COUNTY, Ky. (4/26/15) — The Daviess County High School Student Council is sponsoring its sixth annual May Day… Read More

Spring Lawn, Garden Fair Participants Learn from ‘The Masters’

MADISONVILLE, Ky. (04/26/15) – Pennyroyal Master Gardener Association hosted its third annual Spring Lawn and Garden… Read More

Most Read This Week

April 23, 2015 7692

Man Charged with Sodomy, Incest/Victim under 12

by SurfKY News
April 20, 2015 4971

Nortonville Woman Charged with Meth Possession at…

by Madisonville Police Department
April 24, 2015 4286

UPDATE: Police Can't Substantiate Injured Man…

by Doreen Dennis, SurfKY News
April 22, 2015 4033

Crime Stoppers Fugitive of the Week – April 22,…

by Hopkinsville – Christian County Crime Stoppers
April 22, 2015 3952

Madisonville Man Accused of Domestic Violence/Rape

by SurfKY News

Most Read This Month

April 17, 2015 12562

An Open Letter from an Addict

by Olivia Kirks
April 02, 2015 8869

UPDATE: Madisonville Man Injured in Head-on…

by Doreen Dennis, SurfKY News

Stories Trending Now

April 26, 2015 895

New Drug Helps Farmer with Parkinson's Return to…

by Laura Dawahare
April 26, 2015 478

College of Education Alum's Studies, Experience…

by Amanda Nelson
April 26, 2015 470

White Plains Civil War Festival Provides Learning…

by Tammy Holloway, SurfKY News
April 26, 2015 446

Legislator's Log - Week of April 26, 2015

by Brent Yonts
April 26, 2015 433

Dave Says - April 26, 2015

by Dave Ramsey
April 26, 2015 414

Mother's Day Buffet Planned at State Parks May 10

by Gil Lawson
April 26, 2015 408

Outdoor Truths - April 26, 2015

by Gary Miller
April 26, 2015 372

Spring Lawn, Garden Fair Participants Learn from…

by Tammy Holloway, SurfKY News
April 26, 2015 319

Mustangs lose to Ohio County via shutout

by Steve LeMaster
April 26, 2015 271

Dawson Springs Mule, Draft Horse Days Come to a…

by Amber Averitt, SurfKY News